A good photographer can make an award-winning photograph on a flip phone from 2002. However, better gear is obviously easier to use, it's able to attach more lenses and accessories, and larger photo files can be used / sold in more places.
We'll list only the two biggest camera brands, Canon & Nikon, and give you a few options of the most commonly used gear. Click each photo to learn more. All bodies recommended here (the body is the camera itself) will also shoot HD video, so there's need to purchase both a photo body and a video body.